It is always nice to decorate your garden with colourful flowers, and to have a vegetable patch growing tasty fruit and vegetables that are full of flavour, not to mention a few herbs that always add to a dish or a dessert. But in order to make your gardening effective and to ensure it doesn’t damage the environment, follow these few rules that will change the game entirely!
1) Know your garden inside out
Not all gardens are alike. They differ majorly, as much in the configuration as in the local climate or the microclimate of the garden itself. Study the different areas carefully: those that are bathing in sunlight, those in the shade, those exposed to the wind or that are sheltered from it… All of these factors are important for finding the right strategies.
2) Don’t forget to study the soil
The soil is the base for everything! It is from here that the plants draw everything they need (water, nutrients, etc.). Thus, soil type is extremely important, because not all soils are equal. You can have heavy or light soils, soils that are rich or poor in organic matter, or with higher or lower levels of acid, limestone or minerals. Not all plants grow the same in all types of soil! Don’t forget about this important aspect of gardening.
3) Choose your plants wisely
Yes, it’s true, not all plants have the same needs. You therefore need to choose your plants accordingly, and to consider three factors: the climate, the sun exposure and the type of soil in your garden.
Another factor that we don’t necessarily think about is that we should avoid buying plants contained in plastic wrapping or pots, which only create waste.
4) Each seed has its moment for being sown
You can’t just plant any old bulb at any old time. Just because the sun pokes its nose out doesn’t mean it’s a good time to start planting! Wait until mid or late March for more favourable temperatures. And remember that we are never safe from a late freeze! Pay attention to the directions on the packets of seeds to get a more precise idea of the right time to plant them.
5) Promote biodiversity in your garden
A garden is always teeming with diverse and varied species. In order to promote biodiversity in the eco-system that is your garden, don’t hesitate to introduce a few spiders and beetles to get rid of pests. In order to do so, plant hedges, shrubs or perennial plants, and create small shelters. Leave a “wild” area in the garden for animals as well as insects. It could be an old wall, or a pond. Birds should also be able to safely nest in your garden, and you can even make a nettle nest for caterpillars (which also makes for an excellent manure).