Melanoma can happen to anyone, and this is why we all need to be vigilant against skin cancer. Taking certain simple steps to protect your skin and getting into the habit of monitoring your moles can often be enough to prevent bigger problems from developing, or to get them treated in time. In this article we are going to show you the skin types that are most at risk, and show you how to analyse your moles or beauty spots.
Naturally, these are only guidelines and they do not replace the expertise of a dermatologist. If you have any doubts, don’t hesitate to consult a specialist, and schedule checkups from time to time. With something as serious as this, it is better to be safe than sorry.
1) People at risk
It is well known: the people with the highest risk of developing skin cancer are people with very fair skin and blonde or red hair. Having numerous moles is also a sign of vulnerability to the sun that should not be ignored, just like people who burn easily. However, people with darker skin are not immune either! Over-exposure to the sun’s rays, and regular sun exposure are also risk factors. Finally, check to see whether you have any family history of skin cancer, as this constitutes an additional risk.
2) How to read your moles
This ABCD method is the basic way to analyse your moles. Base your analysis on the criteria outlined and consult your dermatologist if you notice one or more of the following:
- the shape is asymmetric or irregular: the mole is not round and the borders are irregular;
- several colours: the colour is not uniform and is a mixture of several colours;
- large in size: the diameter is more than 6 millimeters;
- it evolves: the mole changes in appearance or rapidly gets bigger;
- it is different from your other moles: the mole you are worried about doesn’t look like any of the other moles on your body.